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  • Project contributors: Berrington A, Falkingham J, Stone J,

    This Project is linked to the following Strand/s:

    Living Longer and the Changing Lifecourse

    Overview

    Objectives
    The key objective of this project was to document and explain changes over the past two decades in young adults' living arrangements. It looked at the trends in living arrangements over the past two decades, and the characteristics of those who remain living in the parental home in their late twenties and early thirties.

    It also investigated how individual, parental and contextual factors determine the timing of leaving the parental home, and the life course experiences that are associated with the likelihood of returning. In addition, the role that social policies play in influencing the ability of young adults' to maintain residential independence was considered.

    Methods
    This quantitative project ran alongside the qualitative work of Heath and Calvert on non-family living among young adults and provided the context for this work. The two projects (quantitative and qualitative) aimed to address inter-related issues regarding living arrangements in young adulthood.

    First, data from the UK Labour Force Survey was used to examine changes over time in living arrangements. The second phase used the same data, but differentiated those young adults living outside of the parental home according to whether they were living in a new family, living alone, or sharing with others outside of a family.In the third phase, data from the British Household Panel Study (BHPS) was used in which young adults are interviewed annually to investigate factors related to leaving and returning to the parental home.

    Findings
    The research showed that living in the parental home has become particularly common for those in their mid-twenties and early thirties. Although women still tend to leave home earlier than men and are less likely to return, gender differences are reducing as more young women enrol in higher education. There has been a shift towards living outside a family on leaving the parental home, which is again related to higher education but also to increased immigration of young adults into the UK. The expansion of higher education has also led to increased returns to the parental home, particularly for young women in their early twenties.

    Economic factors are important for delaying home-leaving, including local house prices as well as individual circumstances such as being unemployed. In terms of returning, experiencing a separation or divorce is a key event, but its effect differs for men and women and for those with and without children. In particular, newly unpartnered mothers are unlikely to return to live with their parents, probably due to reliance on the welfare state, while single, non-resident fathers who have little access to welfare support are the group most likely to return after a partnership ends. These findings may become increasingly important in view of recent policy changes relating to, for example, housing benefit and social housing.

    Publications & Activities

    Gender, Turning Points and Boomerangs: Returning Home in Young Adulthood in Great Britain
    Changing Mobilities and the Fluid Lifecourse of Young Adults seminar event (2015). (The Dome, New Register House, Edinburgh)
    Authors: Stone J,

    Outlining a future research agenda for studies of young adults' transition to residential independence
    New Agendas on Youth and Young Adulthood: Youth Studies Conference 2013 (2013). (University of Glasgow)
    Authors: Berrington A, Stone J,

    Gender differences in returning to the parental home in the UK: The role of social policy
    The 10th European Social Policy Analysis Conference (2012). (Edinburgh)
    Authors: Berrington A, Stone J, Falkingham J,

    The new dynamics of leaving and returning home
    Young adults' housing and independent living: New insights (2012). (Local Government House, London)
    Authors: Stone J,

    Is the boomerang generation of young adults a real phenomenon? Returning home in young adulthood in the UK
    European Population Conference (2012). (Stockholm)
    Authors: Stone J, Berrington A, Falkingham J,

    A multi-level analysis of leaving home in Britain 1991-2007: the role of individual, family and local area factors
    Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers (RGS-IBG) Annual Conference (2011). (London)
    Authors: Stone J, Berrington A,

    The changing dynamics of leaving and returning home amongst young adults in Britain
    British Society for Population Studies (BSPS) Annual Conference (2010). (University of Exeter)
    Authors: Stone J, Berrington A, Falkingham J,

    The changing dynamics of leaving and returning home amongst young adults in Britain
    European Population Conference 2010 (2010). (University of Vienna)
    Authors: Stone J, Berrington A, Falkingham J,

    The role of higher education in promoting non-family living among young adults in the UK
    CRFR International Conference 2010, Changing Families in a Changing World (2010). (University of Edinburgh)
    Authors: Berrington A, Stone J,

    Changing patterns of leaving home and non-family living of young adults in the UK
    British Society for Population Studies Annual Conference (2009). (Brighton)
    Authors: Berrington A, Stone J, Falkingham J,

    The changing living arrangements of young adults in the UK
    Population Trends (2009). 138 27-37
    Authors: Berrington A, Stone J, Falkingham J,

    Media

    Why are more young people living with their parents? ONS website. 2016
    Ann Berrington's research quoted in ONS web article, "Why are more young people living with their parents?"

    Meet the 'cuckoo kids' moving back to the family home The Sunday Times. 2014
    Article on www.thesundaytimes.co.uk titled "Meet the 'cuckoo kids' moving back to the family home" quotes Juliet Stone

    Back in the nest
    Article in the Sunday Times "Home" supplement titled "Back in the nest" quotes Juliet Stone's research

    The boomerang generation The Times. 2014
    Article in the Times magazine supplement and www.times.co.uk titled "The boomerang generation" quotes Juliet Stone's research.

    Multiple family households rise in UK Financial times. 2014
    Article on www.ft.com titled "Multiple family households rise in UK" mentions Ann Berrington

    She's leaving home - bye bye: or maybe not! Society Central website. 2014
    Article on societycentral.ac.uk titled "She's leaving home - bye bye: or maybe not!" mentions Ann Berrington

    New research identifies why young adults return to the parental home
    Article on yottafire.com titled "New research identifies why young adults return to the parental home" discusses research by Ann Berrington, Jane Falkingham and Juliet Stone.

    New research identifies why young adults return to the parental home The Almagest website. 2013
    Article on www.thealmagest.com titled "New research identifies why young adults return to the parental home" discusses the work of Juliet Stone, Ann Berrington and Jane Falkingham.

    Research shows 'boomeranging' is way of life
    Article in the Southern Daily Echo titled "Research shows 'boomeranging' is way of life" discusses Ann Berrington, Jane Falkingham and Juliet Stone's research and quotes Juliet Stone

    Kick out the boomerang generation: I left home at 18 and didn't look back The Times. 2013
    Article in The Times titled "Kick out the boomerang generation: I left home at 18 and didn't look back" discusses Ann Berrington, Jane Falkingham and Juliet Stone's research and quotes Ann Berrington

    What makes a boomeranger? Moving back in with mum and dad Understanding Society podcast. 2013
    Ann Berrington speaks on a podcast on the www.understandingsociety.ac.uk website titled "What makes a boomeranger? Moving back in with mum and dad".

    Why Do Many Young Adults Return to Their Parents? Psych Central website. 2013
    Article on www.psychcentral.com titled "Why Do Many Young Adults Return to Their Parents?" discusses Ann Berrington, Jane Falkingham and Juliet Stone's research and quotes Ann Berrington

    Boomerang generation: Why young adults return home Futurity website. 2013
    Article on www.futurity.org, titled "Boomerang generation: Why young adults return home" discusses the research of Juliet Stone and Ann Berrington

    Why Young Adults Return to Parental Home Science daily website. 2013
    Article on www.sciencedaily.com titled "Why Young Adults Return to Parental Home" discusses Ann Berrington, Jane Falkingham and Juliet Stone's research and quotes Juliet Stone and Ann Berrington

    New research identifies why young adults return to the parental home Phys.org website. 2013
    Article on www.phys.org, titled "New research identifies why young adults return to the parental home" discusses the research of Juliet Stone and Ann Berrington

    Grown-up children live at home as rents and house prices rise Financial Times. 2013
    Article on www.ft.com written by Tanya Powley, titled "Grown-up children live at home as rents and house prices rise"

    Door always open? New insights into the dynamics of returning home Understanding Society website. 2013
    Article on www.understandingsociety.ac.uk titled "Door always open? New insights into the dynamics of returning home" discussing Ann Berrington's Keynote speech at the Understanding Society Conference in Essex.

    Living alone and 'bouncing back' after bereavement The British Gereatrics Society website. 2013
    A Blog titled "Living alone and 'bouncing back' after bereavement", written by Juliet Stone for Oxford University Press (OUP) was featured on The British Gereatrics Society's blog.

    Wakey wakey; you're 23 now
    Article in The Sunday Times "Wakey wakey, you're 23 now" by Clover Stroud

    The boomerang generation
    In The Economist magazine "The boomerang generation" (page 36)

    Indian kids prefer staying with parents
    Newspaper article in the Times of India: "Indian kids prefer staying with parents" (Narsha Nag Bhowmick)

    More and more twenty somethings are living with their parents
    Newspaper article in the Southern Daily Echo: "More and more twenty somethings are living with their parents" (Simon Carr).

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Kent about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Solent about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Lincolnshire about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Derby about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Lancaster about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Tees about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Northampton about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Scotland about young adults' living arrangements.

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio Wiltshire about young adults' living arrangements.

    Rising number of young adults living at home
    Newspaper article in The Belfast Telegraph: "Rising number of young adults living at home" (Claire McNeilly).

    Young adults' living arrangements
    Interview on BBC Radio London about young adults' living arrangements.

    One in five of 'boomerang generation' graduates now living at home
    Newspaper article in The Telegraph: "One in five of 'boomerang generation' graduates now living at home" (John Bingham).

    Student debt creates generation of mummy's boys
    Newspaper article in The Independent: "Student debt creates generation of mummy's boys" (Sarah Cassidy).

    More young adults in 20s and 30s living with parents than in past 20 years
    Newspaper article in The Guardian: "More young adults in 20s and 30s living with parents than in past 20 years" (Alan Travis).