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  • Project contributors: Kulu H, Demsar U, Li S,

    This Project is part of the following research programme/s:

    Connecting Generations

    Migration and Mobility


    Geographical proximity is an important factor determining whether and how generations can support each other. Previous CPC research shows substantial differences in where the young and old live, and that spatial separation between generations has risen in the past three decades.

    This project combines Census data and Understanding Society survey data to investigate geographical distances between kin. We use spatial statistical methods, e.g. multilayer network analysis and spatial interaction models, to produce a unique set of family network maps. This allows for new insights into how close adult children and their parents live to each other, how the distance to parents/children has changed over time and how residential proximity varies by socio-economic background, migrant status/ethnicity and across regions in the UK.

    Additionally, by applying statistical simulation methods, we use information on migration trends and patterns for population subgroups to project how in kinship networks might change in the future. To place the UK in a wider European context, data from the Norway and Sweden multigenerational register will also be used. These include information on the location of non-residential family members and their migration histories.

    Improved understanding of the changing spatial distribution of families provides important insights into the sustainability of intergenerational support, especially unpaid care. The work provides information for public and private providers, enabling them to plan for future intergenerational support needs, and highlighting where support gaps are likely to emerge.

    This research project is led by Professor Hill Kulu.